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Natural Derivational Phonology - booksonkorea.com
Seoul National University Press

Natural Derivational Phonology

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ISBN: 9788952113535


Natural Derivational Phonology endeavors to settle the problems to be encountered in Optimality Theory and other perplexing problems. In Natural Derivational Phonology constraints, including constraint pairs, apply singly or multiply to any input (underlying or intermediate) in accordance with the natural ranking of universal ranking principles, bringing forth serial derivation. And evaluation constraints may evaluate their outputs. 
Part 1 takes the form of a monograph in which the fundamental principles of Natural Derivational Phonology are established. And part 2 comprises three self-contained papers written within the framework of Natural Derivational Phonology. 
The papers in part 2 are designed to be case studies. They demonstrate that Natural Derivational Phonology has survived the rigid testing, solving complex and baffling problems in a natural fashion. As a consequence, the basic tenets of Natural Derivational Phonology established in part 1 have been corroborated. 
Natural Derivational Phonology adheres to serial derivation, as does rule-based phonology. A serious defect of serialism in rule-based phonology is that it heavily rests on extrinsic ordering of rules. Most importantly, the natural ranking of universal ranking principles rids serialism of the extrinsicality parallel to extrinsic ordering of rules, and it can also do away with the extrinsicality parallel to extrinsic ranking of constraints in Optimality Theory. It solves the chronic problem with which phonologists have been obsessed since the inception of generative phonology.
Although Natural Derivational Phonology is widely divergent from Optimality Theory, it composes constraint pairs, utilizing the dichotomy between M and F, and tableaux are made effective use of with the necessary change made. 
Natural Derivational Phonology can be epitomized as a phonological system in which constraints apply in accordance with the natural ranking of universal ranking principles, permitting evaluation constraints to assess their outputs.


Byung-Gun Lee

Emeritus Professor, Seoul National University



Part 1 Natural Derivational Phonology
Chapter 1 Simplified Tableau and the Basic Universal Ranking Principle 
1 Simplified Tableau 
2 Serial Derivation and the Basic Universal Ranking Principle 
3 AMP and Cyclic Application 
4 AMP and Local Ordering 
Chapter 2 Derivedness 
5 Derived Environments 
6 Non-Derived Intramorphemic Environments 
6. 1 Abstract Structures 
6. 2 Allophonic Segments 
6. 3 Richness of the Base 
Chapter 3 Constraints Not Standing in a Feeding Relation 
7 Constraints Standing in a Counterfeeding Relation 
8 Constraints Standing in a Bleeding Relation 
8. 1 Neutralization Constraints Standing in a Bleeding Relation 
8. 2 Allophonic Constraints Standing in a Bleeding or Counterbleeding Relation 
8. 3 Conclusion 
9 Constraints Standing in a Counterbleeding Relation 
Chapter 4 Reduplication and TETU 
10 Emergence of the Unmarked in Reduplicants 
Chapter 5 Typology 
11 Constraint *NC̥ 
12 Canadian English Dialects 
Chapter 6 Phonological Opacity 
13 Sympathy Theory 
14 Comparative Markedness Theory 
15 Self-Counterfeeding in Lardil in Comparative Markedness Theory 
Chapter 7 A Case Study 
16 Klamath Phonology 
16. 1 Vowel Gradation 
16. 2 Vowel Shortening 
16. 3 Laryngeal Neutralization 
16. 4 Glide Vocalization 
16. 5 General Epenthesis and Sonorant Cluster Epenthesis 
16. 6 Glottal Stop Deletion 
16. 7 Nasal Consonant Deletions 
16. 8 Intensive Forms 
16. 9 Look-Ahead E-Constraint Schema 
16. 10 Cyclic Derivation 
16. 11 Residual Problem 
16. 12 Conclusion 
Chapter 8 E-Constraints and C-on-U 
17 E-Constraints and C-on-U 
Part 2 Papers in Natural Derivational Phonology
I Natural Derivational Phonology and Phonological Opacity 
1 Introduction 
2 Yawelmani Dialect of Yokuts 
2. 1 Vowel Harmony 
2. 2 Vowel Shortening 
2. 3 Forms with the Future Morpheme /i:n/ 
2. 4 Epenthetic Forms 
2. 5 Surface Forms with a Long High Vowel 
2. 6 Triply Opaque Forms 
3 Wikchamni Dialect of Yokuts 
4 Conclusion 
II Stress Assignment in Mohawk in Natural Derivational Phonology 
1 Introduction 
2 Canonical Stress 
3 Epenthetic Forms 
4 Heavy Epenthetic Vowels 
5 Intramorphemic Sequence Cr 
6 Light Epenthetic Vowels in Consecutive Syllables 
7 Falling Tone 
8 Vowel Lengthening 
9 Conclusion 
III Consonant Truncation in French in Natural Derivational Phonology 
1 Introduction 
2 Establishment of the Features [+released] and [-released] 
3 Adjectives and Nouns 
4 Verbs 
5 ‘Exceptional’ Words 
6 Vowel Nasalization 
7 l-Vocalization 
8 r-Truncation 
9 o-Switch 
10 Final Vowel Shortening 
11 Conclusion 

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