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Capitalism and Capitalisms in Asia  Origin, Commonality, and Diversity - booksonkorea.com
Seoul National University Press

Capitalism and Capitalisms in Asia Origin, Commonality, and Diversity

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ISBN: 9788952120090

 

Comparative political economy in Asia goes back a long time. For some time, it seemed that high-growth Southeast Asian economies could join the momentum of the Asian tigers, as in Mahathir’s Look East policy and the World Bank’s ‘Miracle Eight’, but these expectations have since faded into the background. Arguments about differences between China and India have been ongoing for decades, in short, one state-led, efficient and authoritarian, the other democratic with an inefficient and reactive rather than proactive state. The rise of China (especially after China joined the WTO in 2001) has added further ramifications… The ongoing rise of Asia prompts questions—Which Asia? What about differences within Asia? Rise on what terms? How does ‘Asia’ position itself in the world economy? With Japan’s lead Asia could still, to a point, follow American directions, as in security policies and the Asian Development Bank, but with China as Asia’s leading economy this is no longer the case… 
In Asia capitalism has mostly figured as a category in the singular with variations in the margins—market economies with variations in degrees and styles of state guidance, in historical trajectories and institutional makeup, and in rent seeking and crony capitalism. Counterpoints have been socialist economies (China, Vietnam, Laos, North Korea), and outliers have been economies steeped in military influence (Pakistan, Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand)… 
This is the backdrop to the emergence of the theme of capitalisms in Asia. This theme means that Asian discussions join wider comparative political economy and analysis of comparative capitalisms and that analytics take on a more reflexive and critical character. 

 

Hyun-Chin Lim

Hyun-Chin Lim is Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Founding Director of Asia Center at Seoul National University. He is Member of the National Academy of Sciences, Korea, and serves as the president of Korean Social Science Research Council. He taught and did research at Harvard, Chicago, University of California (San Diego), Duke, Paris Diderot, and Vietnam National University (Hanoi). He was previously the dean of Faculty of Liberal Education, the dean of the College of Social Sciences, and the director of Asia Center, all at Seoul National University. He also served as the president of such professional association as Korean Association of NGO Studies, Korean Sociological Association, and International Development and Cooperation Association. His publications include more than 50 books and over 250 scholarly articles on dependency, development, democracy, and civil society in East Asia and Latin America.

Jan Nederveen Pieterse

He is Mellichamp Professor of Global Studies and Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He specializes in globalization, development studies and cultural anthropology. He was previously at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, the Institute of Social Studies in The Hague, the University of Cape Coast, Ghana, and the University of Amsterdam. He holds a part-time chair at Maastricht University. He currently focuses on new trends in twenty-first-century globalization and the implications of economic crisis. He is on the editorial board of Clarity Press, the Journal of Global Studies and e-global, and is associate editor of the European Journal of Social Theory, Ethnicities, Third Text and the Journal of Social Affairs.

 

Contents

Introduction; Capitalism in Asia
Theoretical Contexts and Analytical Framework 
Organization of the Argument 
PART I: Recent Changes in Asian Capitalism
1. Formation and Development of Capitalism in the Modernization of East Asia: An Alternative Theoretical Explication
Introduction 
A Theory of Selective Modernization and Alternative Modernities: A Synopsis 
The Birth of Capitalism in the First-Wave Modernization in East Asia 
The Development of the Modern Capitalism in the Second-Wave Modernization in East Asia 
In Closing 
2. Comparing Capitalisms, East and West 
Introduction
Why Totalize Capitalism?: ‘The Map is Not the Same as the Territory’—Borges 
Plurality and Layered Analysis
3. Regional Capitalisms and Global Technoscience: Controllable or Uncontrollable Forces of Planetary Change?
Introduction 
The Capitalism plus Technoscience Conundrum
Capitalism As It Is and As It Should Be
Technoscience As It Is and As It Could Be 
Final Remarks
4. A New “Spirit” of Capitalism?: Globalization and Its Impact on the Diffusion of Neoliberal Management Thinking in Germany and the East Asian Economies 
Introduction
Theoretical Foundations 
Methodology 
Global Elites as Pacemakers?
German Top-Managers as Global Elites? 
Global Elites in East Asia? 
A New Neoliberal Spirit of Capitalism? 
The Financial Market Mindset amongst German Managers 
The Neoliberal Management Mindset: German Top Managers on Leadership 
The Collective Mindsets of Top Managers in East Asia
Conclusions 
PART II Diversity of Asian Capitalism: China, Japan and Indonesia
5. Capitalism in China: A Centrally Managed Capitalism (CMC) and Its Future 
Introduction 
The Role of the State in Capitalism
Forms of State Capitalism 
Centrally Managed Capitalism 
The CMC in the Marketplace and Its Costs 
Challenges to CMC 
Legitimizing CMC: From Marxism to Economic Growth and Social Stability
Transforming Ideology: Towards Xiaokang and Datong?
The Transforming CMC: Democratization? 
Conclusion: The Future of Chinese Capitalism 
6. State Neoliberalism: The Chinese Road to Capitalism in Comparative Perspective 
China and Developmental State Capitalism in the South
China and Neoliberal Capitalism in the West
China and Neoliberal Reforms in Post-Socialist Eastern Europe
State Neoliberalism and the Ceaseless Drive of Capital Accumulation 
State Neoliberalism in China: Distinctive Characteristics 
Whither the Chinese Road to Capitalism 
7. The End of the Long Boom?: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Long-term Growth in China 
Introduction 
Historical Evolution and Global Insertion 
Private-Public Growth Alliances: A Chinese Mode of Coordination
Key Institutional Domains
Summary and Outlook 
8. Beyond Predatory Productivism?: The Political Economy of Welfare Capitalism in Post-New Order Indonesia
Introduction 
Explaining Welfare Capitalism 
Actors, Interests, and Agendas 
The Political Economy of Welfare Capitalism in Indonesia 
Conclusion 
PART III Asia Capitalism in Global Context 
9. How Financial Liberalization Transformed the East Asian Development Model 
Introduction
Financial Liberalization in Japan, Korea, and Chinas 
Financial Liberalization and Transformation of the East Asian Development Model 
Conclusion 359
10. The “Renminbi Swap Lines” and the Emergent Role of China as an Emergency Lender: Evidence from Argentina
Introduction and Objectives 
Reviewing Chinese Measures toward an International Yuan-Renminbi 
Case Study: The Sino-Argentine Swap Line 
Concluding Remarks 
11. East Asia’s Inter- and Intra-Regional Trade Networks and Changing Roles in Global Mobile Phone Value Chains
Introduction 
International Trade and Divergence in GVC Integration
Data and Methods
International Trade of Mobile Phones and Parts 
Countries’ Changing Positions in the Mobile Phone GVC 
Inter- and Intra-Reginal Trade Networks of Mobile Phones and Parts
Intra-Asian Trade Networks of Mobile Phones and Parts
Conclusions
12. Development Cooperation and the Legacy of the Developmental State: Government Initiative and State-Business Partnership in Korean Development Cooperation with Mozambique and Rwanda
Introduction
First Case: State-Led Development Coopration and “Resource Diplomacy” in Mozambique
Second Case: Extending into New Markets in Rwanda through Public Private Partnership
Conclusions
Conclusion: Exploring 21st Century Capitalisms and Asia: The Impact of Financialization 
Introduction
Financialization and Capitalism 
East Asian Capitalism and Financialization
Conclusions 
Biographies 
Index


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