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Understanding Contemporary Korean Culture - kongnpark
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Understanding Contemporary Korean Culture

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ISBN: 9788962970227

 

The Korea Culture Research Institute (KCRI) at Ewha Womans University is proud to announce the publication of Ewha's Korea Studies Series for Globalization, a comprehensive set of textbooks on Korean language, culture, history and arts that can deliver academic, yet realistic information about Korea to domestic and foreign college level students in and out of Korea, as well as Koreans living abroad.
Understanding Contemporary Korean Culture, Ewha's Korea Studies Series for Globalization 2 explores the cultural phenomena in Korea that have resulted from dramatic economic growth and rapid change in society over a short period of time. This book covers various aspects of Korean culture including Korea's daily culture by focusing on food, clothing and shelter, the characteristics of the modern Korean family and the status of women, the religious pluralism of Korea, Korea's 20th Century Popular Culture originating from the Korean Wave Hallyu, and the current situation of divided Korea.
Chapter 1 Korea's Everyday Culture takes a look at Bibimbap, Kimchi and the 'Mash-up' Culture, the coexistence of traditional house Hanok villages and modern apartment complexes, modernization of the time-honored garment Hanbok, and Korea's unique 'We-ism' in the internet age.
Chapter 2 Characteristics of Modern Korean Family and the Status of Women analyzes a family cycle transition based on marriage and childbearing, and presents both optimistic and pessimistic views with regard to the changing status of women.
Chapter 3 Understanding Korean Religion explores the intriguing situation of Korea, in which various religions ranging from shamanism and Buddhism to Confucianism and Christianity coexist in peace, while at the same time eastern Buddhism and western Christianity are competing against each other.
Chapter 4 Understanding Korea's 20th Century Popular Culture examines Korean pop culture against the backdrop of gradual changes in society over time, starting from the times of freedom and chaos in the 1950s, through the 1960-70s when economic development was in full force, continuing through the 1980s which witnessed the emergence of a resistant culture as well as the rise of teenagers as new consumers, to the end of 1990s and 2000s when Korea became one of the major international cultural exporters with new digital generation and the Korea's Hallyu boom.
Finally, Chapter 5 Cultural History of Division analyzes Korea's social reality through the eyes of Korean literature and popular songs, depicting the destruction of humanity induced by the Korean War and portraying the pain suffered by families separated due to war. 

 

Joon Sik Choi

Professor Choi earned B.A. degree in Korean History from Sogang University, Korea and received Ph.D. degree in Religious Studies from Temple University in Philadelphia in 1988. He has held the position of Professor of Korean Studies at Ewha Womans University since 1992. His research interests are religious studies, and socio-cultural studies and arts of Korea. He is currently the director of Korean Culture Research Institute at Ewha Womans University. He is an author of many books such as Understanding Koreans and Their Culture, Folk Religion, Buddhism: Religion in Korea and so on.

 

Contents

Chapter 1 Korea’s Everyday Culture
Ⅰ. Culinary Culture: Bibimbap, Kimchi, and Sujeo Culture 4
1. Bibimbap and the “Combination” culture 4
2. Kimchi and fermentation culture 9
3. Guk, gukmul, sujeo culture 15
Ⅱ. Housing Culture: Hanok and Ondol, the Republic of Apartments 17
1. The structure and elements of a hanok 17
2. Characteristics of hanok: maru and ondol 19
3. The aesthetics of hanok 24
4. Today’s hanok 26
5. The Republic of Apartments 29
Ⅲ. Clothing Culture: The Tradition and Modern Characteristics
of Hanbok, and Dongdaemun 33
1. Tradition of hanbok 33
2. Korea, the fashion power: Dongdaemun Fashion Valley 39
Ⅳ. The Internet Culture: Cyworld, Lineage and ‘We’ 43
1. The internet powerhouse 43
2. Dynamic Korea 45
3. Cyworld, a friendly world 48
4. Korea in the online game, Lineage 51
5. We-ism in Korea’s internet culture 55
Chapter 2 The Characteristics of Modern Korean Family and the Status of Women
Ⅰ. Where We Stand 61
Ⅱ. The Current Situation of the Korean Family 62
1. The process of getting married 62
2. Typical gender roles in a marriage 63
3. Sexual relations before and after marriage 64
4. Divorce and remarriage 65
5. The status of kinship 66
6. Preparation for aging 67
7. Korean family values 68
Ⅲ. The Change of Family Life Cycle: From Institutional Family to Companionate Family 69
Ⅳ. The Status of Women: A “Subtle Revolution” 72
1. The age of subtle gender discrimination 72
2. Social institutions and the status of women 74
Ⅴ. Future of Women: The 21st Century Calls for Women! 84
Chapter 3 Understanding Korean Religion
Ⅰ. Opening Words 91
Ⅱ. Everlasting Religion for Koreans: Shamanism 95
1. History and traditions of Shamanism 98
2. Characteristics of Korean Shamanism 101
3. A modern implication of Korea’s Shamanism 105
4. Closing words 108
Ⅲ. The Real Power in the Arena of Korea’s Religions: Christianity 110
1. Christianity in Korea and its numerous world-records: Catholicism 111
2. Christianity in Korea and its numerous world-records: Protestantism 115
3. Why are Koreans passionate about Christianity? 119
4. Closing words: The future of Christianity in Korea 123
Ⅳ. The Birth Place of Korea’s Religious Culture: Buddhism 124
1. Buddhist tradition over 1,600 years 125
2. Korea’s world-class Buddhist artifacts 128
3. Closing words 137
Ⅴ. Teachings That Fixed the Characteristics of Koreans: Confucianism 139
1. A brief history of Korea’s Confucianism 140
2. Two pillars of Confucianism: Xiao (filial piety) and Ti (seniority between the senior and the junior) 142
3. Korea benefitted from Confucianism 146
4. Traditional Confucian elements that remain today: Ancestor worship 149
5. Relics of Confucianism 151
6. Closing words 153
Ⅵ. Religions Created by Koreans: Of Newly Emerged Religions 155
1. The shared qualities in the teachings of newly emerged religions 156
2. Three axes of Korea’s newly emerged religions: Cheondogyo,
Jeungsangyo and Won Buddhism 158
Ⅶ. Closing Words 167
Chapter 4 Understanding Korea’s 20th Century Popular Culture
Ⅰ. Korea’s Popular Culture during Japanese Colonial Period 175
1. The beginning of Korea’s modernization and popular culture 175
2. Establishment of the mass media 176
3. Popular music during the Japanese colonial period 180
4. Sinpa and popular culture during Japanese colonial period 181
5. Era of Japanese colonial period seen through major movies 182
Ⅱ. Popular Culture Before and After the Liberation of Korean War (1950s) 183
1. Freedom and Chaos 184
2. Popular music of the liberation, the War and the division 185
3. Popular culture that fed on “America” 188
4. Rules of anti-communism and popular culture 189
5. The 1950s seen through major movies 190
Ⅲ. Economic Development and Popular Culture (1960s-1970s) 191
1. The Park Jung Hee regime and popular culture 191
2. Popular culture in State-led industrialization and censorship 193
3. Popular music of the 1960s and 70s 194
4. Renaissance of Korean Cinema 195
5. The 1960s and 70s seen through major movies 197
Ⅳ. The 5th and 6th Republic and Popular Culture (1980s-1990s) 199
1. Seoul Spring 1980 and Gwangju Democratization Movement 199
2. The 5th Republic policy on control over culture 200
3. Popular culture in the era of the Olympics and professional sports games 201
4. Teenagers as consumers 202
5. Campaign culture for the masses in the 1980s 203
6. The significance of the June Rebellion of 1987 in the history of popular culture 204
7. Korea in the 1980s revisited through major movies 205
Ⅴ. Popular Culture in the 1990s, The Democratization Era 207
1. The Civilian Government and opening of culture market 207
2. The emergence of the video generation and the new generation culture 208
3. Growth of Korean Cinema in the 1990s 210
4. The 1990s seen through major movies 212
Ⅵ. Korea’s Popular Culture in The New Millennium 214
1. Globalization and popular culture 214
2. Sintoburi and popular culture 216
3. Popular culture in the era of globalization and a new group of consumers 216
4. How Hallyu began 217
5. Popular culture of the 2000s seen through major movies 219
Chapter 5 The Cultural History of Division: Over the Boundary toward Liberation
Ⅰ. Severance and Borders: The Background and Formation of Division 225
1. From liberation to division 226
2. War and the cultural history of division 240
Ⅱ. Tension and Search for Reconciliation: Cultural Policy of Division 248
1. Division and effort toward reunification 248
2. Culture of division 253
Ⅲ. Separation and Reunion: Social Aspects of Separation by War 262
1. Separation by war and reunion 262
2. Culture in separation 268
Ⅳ. Overcome Division, Overcome Boundary: Vision of Reunification 274
1. The outlook for finding reunification solutions 274
2. Culture of reunification 280
Index 287


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