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Korean Society an Introduction - booksonkorea.com
Korea University Press

Korean Society an Introduction

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ISBN: 9788976419330

 

South Korea (henceforth Korea) is a country that has experienced rapid social changes, beginning with economic development. It was once one of the poorest countries in the world, but its economy, in terms of the total GDP, was ranked 11th largest in the world in 2015 by the World Bank. In fact, its total GDP of $1.377 trillion in 2015 is more than 1,000-fold increase from $1.3 billion in 1953. Also, Korea is the only country that has transformed from a recipient country of official development assistance (ODA) to a significant donor. What is remarkable is that Korea achieved all of these in just a generation or two. Korea is also noted for its democratization. In 1987, after nearly four decades of the succession of authoritarian regimes, Korean people won back the right to elect the president and members of the National Assembly. In fact, Korea stands as one of the few countries that has transformed from a poor country under authoritarian regime to a developed economy under democracy.
Economic transformation invariably caused widespread social and political changes as well. Korean society has been profoundly reshaped in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, with many of these changes still ongoing. In the political sphere, civic groups are exerting increasing influences on the political processes of the nation’s politics. Socially, one of the most important changes is the rapid aging of the population, which has been brought on by the increase in life expectancy and the record-low fertility rate. Another significant social change has been the making of multicultural Korea, as the number of foreigners residing in Korea has reached the 1.7 million mark or 3.4 percent of the total population in 2015. The phenomenon of Hallyu or the Korean Wave, which refers to the rise in the popularity of Korean popular culture in many parts of the world, has also been a significant change for the country.
These are some of the most important cultural, social and political trends and issues facing contemporary Korea. While this book does not claim to provide a comprehensive overview of Korean society, it has collected some of the best articles on the most important aspects of contemporary Korea.
While this book does not claim to provide a comprehensive overview of Korean society, it has collected some of the best articles on the most important aspects of contemporary Korea. 

 

Andrew Eungi Kim

Andrew Eungi Kim (Ph.D in Sociology, University of Toronto) is Professor in the Division of International Studies at Korea University. His primary research interests broadly pertain to culture, sociology of religion, ethnic studies, social change, and comparative sociology. His articles have appeared in Social Indicators Research, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Asian Survey, Journal of Contemporary Asia, Social Compass, Korea Observer, Sociology of Religion, Social History, Review of Religious Research, and Korea Journal, among others. He is presently completing work on a book manuscript which examines the impact of rapid industrialization, modernization and globalization on the shaping of contemporary Korean society.

 

Contents

Introduction : Andrew Eungi Kim
Trends and Changes in Contemporary Korean Society
Part I. Culture
Chapter 1 : Wŏnsik Hong
Korean’s Formation of Relationships Based on Uri (“We”) and its Philosophical Background
Chapter 2 : Andrew Eungi Kim
Nation-Building in South Korea: The Role of Civil Religion in the Making of National Identity and Community
Part II. Family
Chapter 3 : Sug-In Kweon
The Extended Family in Contemporary Korea: Changing Patterns of Co-residence
Chapter 4 : Eunhee Kim
“Home is a Place to Rest”: Constructing the Meaning of Work, Family and Gender in the Korean Middle Class
Part III. Gender Inequality
Chapter 5 : Jiyeoun Song
Activating Women in the Labor Market: The Development of South Korea’s Female-Friendly Employment and Labor Market Policies
Chapter 6 : Hee-Kang Kim
Locating Feminism beyond Gender and Culture: A Case of the Family-head System in South Korea
Part IV. Education
Chapter 7 : Young-Kyun Yang
Education and Family in Korean Society
Chapter 8 : Doobo Shim and Joseph Sung-Yul Park
Cultural Politics of Language and the “English Fever” in South Korea
Part V. Religion
Chapter 9 : Sung-Eun T. Kim
Korean Buddhist Religiosity and the Adoption of Korean Traditional Religious Ethos: Preserving the Korean Traditional Sacred Geography
Chapter 10 : Andrew Eungi Kim
Christianity in Korea and Japan: Cultural and Socio-political Factors for Dissimilar Impacts
Chapter 11 : Kil-myung Ro
New Religions and Social Change in Modern Korean History
Part VI. Aging
Chapter 12 : Andrew Eungi Kim
The Ageing of Korea: Trends, Causes and Implications.
Chapter 13 : Keongsuk Park
Consecrating or Desecrating Filial Piety?: Korean Elder Care and the Politics of Family Support
Part VII. Increasing Ethnic Diversity in Korea and Multiculturalism
Chapter 14 : Hyuk-Rae Kim
Contested Governance in the Making of Multicultural Societies: Labor Migration and International Marriages in South Korea
Chapter 15 : In-Jin Yoon
Multicultural Minority Groups and Multicultural Coexistence in Korean Society
Part VIII. Hallyu (The Korean Wave)
Chapter 16 : Ingyu Oh
Hallyu (the Korean Wave): Worldwide Popularity of Korean Popular culture
Chapter 17 : Woongjo Chang and Shin-Eui Park
Hallyu, the Korean Wave: Cultivating a Global Fandom
Part IX. Urbanization
Chapter 18 : Tai-hwan Kwon
The Trends and Patterns of Urbanward Migration in Korea, 1960-1985
Chapter 19 : Ik Ki Kim
Socioeconomic Concentration in the Seoul Metropolitan Area and its Implications in the Urbanization Process of Korea
Part X. Economy
Chapter 20 : Jaymin Lee
A Half Century of Korean Economic Development: 1952-2002
Chapter 21: Min-Ho Kuk
Consolidation of the Developmental State and Chaebols in Korea: After the 1997 Economic Crisis
Part XI. Anti-Americanism
Chapter 22 : Sangtu Ko
The Causes of Fluctuating Anti-Americanism in South Korea
Chapter 23 : Kisuk Cho
A Model on the Rise and Decline of South Korean Anti-American Sentiment
Part XII. North Korea & Unification
Chapter 24 : Stefan Niederhafner
The Internal Economic, Political, and Social Challenges of Reunification: Why South Korea Cannot Follow Germany’s Strategy
Chapter 25 : In-ae Hyun
Analyzing the Structure of the North Korean Leader Myth and Creating the Kim Jong-un Myth


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